CLEVELAND, Ohio – Studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption is linked to worse cognitive function and weight loss surgery leads to higher rates of marriage and divorce.
Cleveland.com is rounding up some of the most prominent local and national health news making headlines online. Here’s what you need to know about Tuesday, August 2.
Alcohol consumption is associated with lower brain function
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with worse cognitive function, an outdoor observational study suggests the United Kingdom.
Among nearly 21,000 people in the UK Biobank cohort, alcohol intake above the standard four drinks a week was associated with higher brain iron markers in multiple basal ganglia regions, according to the researchers.
Higher brain iron markers were in turn associated with poorer scores on tests of executive function, reaction speed and problem solving.
The findings suggest one way in which alcohol may cause cognitive decline. The results of the study were published in the journal PLoS Medicine.
Weight loss surgery leads to more marriages, divorces
Americans who have weight loss surgery are more than twice as likely to marry or divorce within five years, compared to the general US population. suggests a new study.
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health looked at changes in marital status among nearly 1,500 adults who had gastric bypass or gastric sleeve weight loss surgery from 2006 to 2009.
Most maintained the same relationship status for five years after their surgery, and 18% of singles married, compared with 7% in the general US population. The study also found that 8% of married couples divorced – double the rate for their counterparts in the general population. Another 5% of married people separated.
People who lost the most weight were more likely to be separated or divorced, as were those who reported an increase in libido after surgery, the research team found.
The journal Annals of Surgery recently published the findings.
Black patients at risk for advanced vision loss, study suggests
Black patients have a dramatically higher risk of advanced vision loss after being newly diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma compared to white patients. suggests a new study from Mount Sinai Eye and Ear Infirmary of New York.
The findings suggest that African Americans have a risk factor for this disease and that more early detection of glaucoma is needed in this community.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the United States, and primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type.
Researchers analyzed nearly 210,000 participants from three databases of nurses and health professionals from the Nurses’ Health Study (enrolled between 1980 and 2018 and 1989-2019) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (enrolled between 1986 and 2018).
Within the study group, 1,946 patients developed glaucoma. Black patients made up 1.3% of the study, but had a nearly twofold higher risk of early vision loss and a sixfold higher risk of advanced vision loss, compared with white patients.
The study, published in Translational Vision Science and Technology, is among the first to use an artificial intelligence algorithm to dissect visual field loss in new glaucoma cases in Americans.